Mountain bikes and hybrids/fitness bikes come with three major brake set options - rim brakes, mechanical disc brakes and hydraulic disc brakes. But how does one decide which kind of brake set should they go for while looking for a bike? Well, we've got just the gyaan you'll be needing to make this decision.
How do brakes work?
All brake sets work in a very similar way. When the rider pulls on the lever, the cables or the fluid help compress the brake caliper. This in turn causes the brake pads to come in contact with the rim (in case of rim brakes) or with the rotor (in case of disc brakes). Hence, slowing down the bike or bringing it to a standstill.
Rim brakes come in several different types - v-brakes, u-brakes, cantilever brakes or direct pull brakes. On most of the entry level mountain bikes and hybrids with rim brakes, its the v-brakes that will be predominant.
On most of the non-entry level mountain bikes today, disc brakes have become the norm. They comprise of levers, cables or fluid depending on if its a mechanical disc brake or hydraulic disc brake, calipers, brake pads and rotors.
Advantages of mechanical disc brakes:
Disadvantages of mechanical disc brakes:
With hydraulic mountain bike disc brakes, instead of a steel cable, hydraulic fluid pushes pistons inside the caliper, which compress the brake pads.
Advantages of Hydraulic disc brakes:
Disadvantages of hydraulic disc brakes:
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